Common and Botanical (scientific) Tree Names

Tree IdentificationBotanical tree names are useful when it comes to researching possible illnesses, diseases and problems associated with a specific type of tree. Since there is only one scientific or botanical name for each species, learning the botanical names of trees aids us significantly in accurately communicating with others about the tree.  On the other hand, the common tree name may hold some clues when it comes to finding out more about what type of tree it is. Here is our list of both names for many trees commonly found in the Rocky Mountain area.
Common-and-Botanical-Names-and-Tree-Identification-

See: Botanical Tree Names  (alphabetical order)

A

B

C

D

E

G

H

I-K

L

  • Limber Pine …………………. Pinus flexilis
  • Littleleaf Linden ………….. Tilia cordata
  • Lodgepole Pine …………… Pinus contorta
  • Lombardy Poplar ………… Populus nigra ‘Italica’
  • London Plane ……………… Platanus x acerifolia

M-N

O-P

Q-R

S

T

U-W

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By Botanical Name

What is the name of that tree?

tree identification

Identifying trees commonly found in the Colorado and the Rocky Mountain region.

Proper tree identification can assist us when it comes to researching possible illnesses, diseases and problems associated with a specific type of tree. Since there is only one scientific name for each species, it aids us significantly in accurately communicating with others about the tree.

That is why it may be very helpful to learn the common and the botanical or scientific name of the tree before receiving care.

Note: There is useful information within the botanical name that is not present in the common tree name, and sometimes, the common tree name may hold clues to finding out more about what type of tree it is.

The COMMON NAME of a tree can sometimes be HELPFUL OR CONFUSING when trying to find out specific information about a tree.

For example:

Two of the common tree names for *Acer negundo are *boxelder and black ash. These common tree names might be misleading, since it is neither an elder nor an ash. On the other hand, it is also commonly known as an ash leaf maple which could be helpful when identifying the tree by it’s leaf because the leaves do look more like an ash leaf than a maple leaf.

It’s scientific tree name is Acer negundo and therefore, with a quick search, we are able to identify the tree as a maple (Acer is a genus of trees we call maple). Now that we know the “universal” name we are able to communicate with others about a tree’s unique characteristics.

*AKA: Ash Maple, Ash-leaf Maple, Black Ash, Cutleaf Maple, Cut-leaved Maple, Stinking Ash, Red River Maple, California Boxelder, Sugar Ash, Three-leaved Maple, and Western Boxelder.

Botanical (scientific) Tree Names

A

Abies concolor ……………………….…… White Fir or Concolor Fir
Abies lasiocarpa …………………….……. Subalpine Fir

Acer glabrum ………………………..…….. Rocky Mountain Maple
Acer ginnala …………………………..…… Amur Maple
Acer negundo …………………………..…. Boxelder
Acer rubrum …………………………..…… Red Maple
Acer saccharinum …………………..…….. Silver Maple
Acer saccharum ………………………..…. Sugar Maple

Aesculus hippocastanum ………….…..… Horsechestnut
Aesculus glabra ……………………………. Ohio Buckeye
Ailanthus altissima ………………………… Tree of Heaven
Alnus tenuifolia …………………………….. Thinleaf Alder

B

Betula nigra ………………………………… River Birch
Betula occidentalis ………………………… Western Water Birch
Betula pendula (Bentula verrucosa…..…. European White Birch

C

Catalpa speciosa ………………….…….…. Western Catalpa
Celtis occidentalis …………………………. Common Hackberry
Cercis canadensis ……………………….… Eastern Redbud
Crataegus ……………………………………. Hawthorn

E

Elaeagnus angustifolia ……………………. Russian Olive

F

Fraxinus americana ……………………….. White Ash
Fraxinus pennsylvanica …………………… Green Ash

G

Ginkgo biloba ………………………………. Ginkgo
Gleditsia triacanthos ………………………. Honeylocust
Gymnocladus dioica ………………………. Kentucky Coffeetree

J

Julans nigra ………………………………… Black Walnut
Juniperus chinensis …………………….…. Upright Juniper
Juniperus osteosperma ……………..…… Utah Juniper
Juniperus scopulorum ………………..….. Rocky Mountain Juniper
Juniperus virginiana …………………..….. Eastern Red Cedar

K

Koelreuteria paniculata ……………..…… Goldenraintree

M

Malus ……………………………………….. Apple
Malus ……………………………………….. Crabapple
Morus species ………………………..…… Mulberry

P

Picea abies ………………………….….….. Norway Spruce
Picea engelmannii ……………………..…. Engelmann Spruce
Picea pungens …………………………..… Colorado Blue Spruce

Pinus aristata ………………………..……. Bristlecone Pine
Pinus contorta …………………………….. Lodgepole Pine
Pinus edulus ………………………………. Pinyon Pine
Pinus flexilis ……………………………….. Limber Pine
Pinus nigra ………………………………… Austrian Pine
Pinus ponderosa ………………………….. Ponderosa Pine
Pinus strobus ……………………………… Eastern White Pine
Pinus sylvestris ……………………………. Scotch Pine

Platanus occidentalis …………………..… American Sycamore
Platanus x acerifolia ………………..……. London Plane

Populus alba ………………………….……. White Poplar
Populus alba ‘Pyramidalis’ ……………….. Bolleana Poplar
Populus angustifolia ………………………. Narrowleaf Cottonwood
Populus nigra ‘Italica’ ……………………… Lombardy Poplar
Populus sargentii ………………………….. Plains Cottonwood
Populus tremuloides ………………..……. Quaking Aspen

Prunus americana …………………………. American Plum
Prunus cerasifera ‘Newport’ ………..……. Newport Plum
Prunus persica ……………………………… Peach
Prunus virginiana ……………………….….. Chokecherry

Pseudotsuga menziesii ……………………. Douglas Fir
Pyrus calleryana ……………………………. Callery Pear

Q

Quercus bicolor ………………………….…. Swamp White Oak
Quercus gambelii ………………………..…. Gambel Oak
Quercus macrocarpa …………….……..….. Bur Oak
Quercus palustris …………………………… Pin Oak
Quercus rubra ………………………………. Northern Red Oak

R

Rhus glabra …………………………….…… Smooth Sumac
Rhus typhina ………………………….…….. Staghorn Sumac

Robinia x ambigua ‘Idahoensis’ …….…..… Idaho Flowering Locust
Robinia neomexicana ………………..…….. New Mexico Locust
Robinia pseudoacacia ……………..………. Black Locust

S

Salix amygdaloides ………………………… Peach Leaf Willow
Salix babylonica ……………………………. Weeping Willow
Salix matsudana …………………………… Globe Willow

Sophora japonica ………………………….. Japanese Pagodatree
Sorbus aucuparia ………………………….. European Mountainash
Syringa vulgaris ……………………………. Common Lilac

T

Thuja occidentalis …………………….…… American Arborvitae

Tilia americana …………………………….. American Linden
Tilia cordata ………………………………… Littleleaf Linden

U

Ulmus americana …………………………… American Elm
Ulmus procera ………………………………. English Elm
Ulmus pumila ……………………………….. Siberian Elm